‘World’s most dangerous glacier’ half as big as UK could DISAPPEAR and drown low-lying coasts, Nasa warns

0
19
'World's most dangerous glacier' half as big as UK could DISAPPEAR and drown low-lying coasts, Nasa warns



A ROGUE glacier dubbed “the world’s most dangerous” risks melting away completely – sparking a catastrophic global sea level rise.
Antarctica’s Thwaites Glacier is now approaching a “tipping point” that would spark an unstoppable flow of ice into the ocean.
4 The Thwaites glacier covers an area around half the size of the UK
The situation is so bad that it could happen even under present-day ice-melting rates.
And once the “instability” begins, nothing could prevent the ice from melting completely – potentially drowning some low-lying areas of coastline.
That’s according to a Nasa-backed study that simulated future ice flow for the Thwaites Glacier, published in the PNAS journal.
It found that we’re on track to trigger an irreversible instability in the glacier’s ice flows.
4 The glacier is one of the most worrying in AntarcticaCredit: AFP
And even if global warming was to later stop, the instability would still push ice out to sea at an “enormously accelerated rate” over the coming centuries.
“If you trigger this instability, you don’t need to continue to force the ice sheet by cranking up temperatures,” said Alex Robel, an assistant professor at Georgia Tech, who led the study.
“It will keep going by itself, and that’s the worry.”
But he added: “Climate variations will still be important after that tipping point because they will determine how fast the ice will move.”
Arctic sea ice floats in water, so even when it melts we don’t see a change in sea level.
But Antarctica carries huge amounts of ice on land – often in the form of glaciers – which can introduce fresh water into the sea.
The Antarctic ice sheet has around eight times as much ice as there is in the Greenland ice sheet. And it holds 50 times more ice than all of the mountain glaciers in the world.
4 Scientists fear an unstoppable flow of ice from the Thwaites Glacier into the seaCredit: SWNS:South West News Service
If the Thwaites Glacier was to become truly unstable, it would be devastating.
“After reaching the tipping point, Thwaites Glacier could lose all of its ice in a period of 150 years,” warned Nasa JPL scientist Helene Seroussi.
“That would make for a sea level rise of about half a metre.”
Current sea level rise is about 20cm above pre-global warming levels, and has been blamed for increased coastal flooding.
And scientists say annual sea level rise has roughly doubled since 1990 – and could worsen if the Thwaites Glacier were to melt.
The line between where the ice sheet rests on the seafloor and where it extends over water is called the “grounding line”.
“Once ice is past the grounding line and just over water, it’s contributing to sea level because buoyancy is holding it up more than it was,” said Robel.
“Ice flows out into the floating ice shelf and melts or breaks off as icebergs.
Seroussi added: “The process becomes self-perpetuating.”
4 This graph shows what parts of the UK and Europe are at risk from a seal level rise of 5 metres. If Thwaites melts, sea levels could jump by up to 2.5 metres thanks to surrounding glacier instability
Earlier this year, Nasa added fuel to the fire by discovering a huge void lurking beneath Thwaites Glacier.
Its top boffins warned that the growing hole is already as tall as London’s Shard skyscraper, and covers an area the size of 10,000 football pitches.
As it grows, Thwaites will disintegrate faster and faster, potentially triggering a global catastrophe.
“[The size of] a cavity under a glacier plays an important role in melting,” said Nasa scientist Dr Pietro Milillo.
“As more heat and water get under the glacier, it melts faster.”
Rising sea levels – what’s the problem?Here’s what you need to know…

The global sea level has been gradually rising over the past century
Sea levels rise due to two main reasons
The first is thermal expansion – as water gets warmer, it expands
The second is melting ice on land, adding fresh water into seas
This has a cyclical effect, because melting ice also warms up the planet (and oceans), causing more even ice to melt and boosting thermal expansion
It’s currently rising at a rate of around 0.3cm per year
The sea is huge, so that might sound harmless
But rising sea levels can have a devastating effect over time
Low-lying coastal areas can disappear completely, even putting areas of the UK at risk
It can also mean sea storms and tsunamis can have a more devastating effect, reaching further in-land than they would have previously
There’s also an increased risk of flooding

The gigantic Thwaites glacier covers 113,000 square miles – about half the area of the United Kingdom.
If it melts, global sea levels will rise by over 2 feet, causing coastal flooding that will turf hundreds of thousands of people across the globe from their homes.
But it’s Thwaites protective effect on neighbouring glaciers that Nasa is most worried about.
They say the ice chunk acts as a “backstop” that stops others around it from melting.
Without it, surrounding glaciers could all disintegrate, raising sea levels by 2.5 metres (8 feet) if all ice were lost.
This would put large swathes of coastal cities underwater, turning streets into canals and completely submerging some towns and cities.
Previous research has predicted that a 6ft sea level rise would leave large parts of Kent underwater, while Portsmouth, Cambridge and Peterborough wouldn’t fair much better.
Moment massive glacier collapses in Iceland lagoon, sending tourists fleeing in panic
A COLD ONE Millionaire ‘ice pirate’ plans to tow 1.2MILE iceberg to Gulf – only to melt it ZOMBIE WORMS Scientists bring 40,000-year-old worms frozen under Arctic ice back to life QUAKING IN THEIR BOOTS California quakes spark fears of Yosemite supervolcano eruption ROCKY HORROR Huge asteroid could hit Earth THIS YEAR and ‘flatten area bigger than London’ LUNAR-CY Earth has a SECOND moon with bizarre orbit ‘that may hold secrets of Solar System’ BUZZED OFF California earthquake ‘sparks BEE apocalypse’ after 7.1 magnitude quake
Cold War spy satellite images recently revealed the horrifying extent of Himalayan glacier loss.
In other news, Antarctica is ‘thinning’ at ‘extraordinary rate’ as experts reveal 100 metres of ice sheet thickness has vanished since the 90s.
And a study found that the world’s biggest ice sheet is melting 10 times faster than expected.
Are you worried about a climate change apocalypse? Let us know in the comments!

We pay for your stories! Do you have a story for The Sun Online news team? Email us at tips@the-sun.co.uk or call 0207 782 4368 . We pay for videos too. Click here to upload yours.

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here