MULTIVITAMINS do not reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease or prolong life, a study found.
Researchers looked at the effect of 16 vitamins and supplements in trials involving a million people.
1 Multivitamins do not reduce your risk of cardiovascular disease or death, experts have foundCredit: PA:Press Association
They concluded only fish oil protected against heart attacks while folic acid may prevent stroke. The US scientists said losing excess weight was the best health booster.
The study, published in Annals of Internal Medicine, looked at whether dietary interventions such as whether a Mediterranean diet or a reduced fat diet could have an impact.
But only a low salt diet could protect against heart disease and even then only in patients who did not already have high blood pressure.
In some cases, supplements may even cause more harm. The researchers found that a combination of calcium and Vitamin D was associated with a higher risk of stroke.
‘DO NOT WASTE YOUR MONEY’
Study author Dr Safi Khan said: “Only one of the eight dietary modifications evaluated had some proven effects in cardiovascular risk reduction.
“In our study, the fish oil was found to be protective against heart attack and folic acid supplementation was found to be protective against stroke.
“This large study has a very simple message – do not waste your money on these supplements,
Professor Susan Jebb, a professor of diet and population health at the University of Oxford, said: “This review confirms the vast majority of previous research that has failed to find benefits of most nutritional supplements.
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“But the suggestion that dietary interventions have no benefit does not reflect the totality of the evidence.
“As this new review shows, there is ongoing debate about the best dietary approach to reduce cardiovascular disease, but losing weight means eating fewer calories
“There is remarkable consistency in this dietary advice to lose weight with the evidence of a healthy diet from observational studies.
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