‘Impossible’ black hole that breaks ‘current theory of universe’ spotted – and baffled astronomers say it shouldn’t exist

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'Impossible' black hole that breaks 'current theory of universe' spotted – and baffled astronomers say it shouldn't exist



NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope has spotted a supermassive black hole that defies current theories about the universe and shouldn’t actually exist.
The mysterious black hole is located in the heart of the spiral galaxy NGC 3147 and weighs around 250 million times more than the Sun.

The phenomenon of the NGC 3147 black hole has been described in the astronomy journal Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society.
The black hole is encircled by a thin disk, made up of debris and gas that races around the edge of the hole.
It is this disk that is confusing astronomers because it technically shouldn’t be there.
This is because the black hole is actually ‘starving’ because not enough material is being captured by its huge gravitational field and ‘hungry’ black holes don’t form disks of material – or so scientists thought.
1 This is the first ever real image of a black holeCredit: EPA
Lead author of the study Stefano Bianchi said: “It’s the same type of disk we see in objects that are 1,000 or even 100,000 times more luminous.
“The predictions of current models for gas dynamics in very faint active galaxies clearly failed.”
The black hole, which is about 130 million light-years from Earth, has a disk of debris spinning around at casual 18,628 miles per second – that’s 10% of the speed of light.
Spotting this disk has given astronomers the chance to see two of Einstein’s theories on relativity in action and could help them to understand the process that happens at the edge of black holes.
Bianchi said: “This is an intriguing peek at a disc very close to a black hole, so close that the velocities and the intensity of the gravitational pull are affecting how we see the photons of light.”
The researchers will now be looking for more galaxies with black holes like this in the hope of explaining the phenomenon.
The study of black holes is so important because they are the biggest and the most powerful objects in the entire universe.
They have the power to create, sustain and destroy but we still know little about them.
Event Horizon Telescope director Sheperd Doeleman described them as: “A one-way door from our universe.”
What is a black hole? The key factsHere’s what you need to know…
What is a black hole?

A black hole is a region of space where absolutely nothing can escape
That’s because they have extremely strong gravitational effects, which means once something goes into a black hole, it can’t come back out
They get their name because even light can’t escape once it’s been sucked in – which is why a black hole is completely dark

What is an event horizon?

There has to be a point at which you’re so close to a black hole you can’t escape
Otherwise literally everything in the universe would have been sucked into one
The point at which you can no longer escape from a black hole’s gravitational pull is called the event horizon
The event horizon varies between different black holes, depending on their mass and size

What is a singularity?

The gravitational singularity is the very centre of a black hole
It’s a one-dimensional point that contains an incredibly large mass in an infinitely small space
At the singularity, space-time curves infinitely and the gravitational pull is infinitely strong
Conventional laws of physics stop applying at this point

How are black holes created?

Most black holes are made when a supergiant star dies
This happens when stars run out of fuel – like hydrogen – to burn, causing the star to collapse
When this happens, gravity pulls the centre of the star inwards quickly, and collapses into a tiny ball
It expands and contracts until one final collapse, causing part of the star to collapse inward thanks to gravity, and the rest of the star to explode outwards
The remaining central ball is extremely dense, and if it’s especially dense, you get a black hole

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What do you make of this mysterious black hole? Let us know in the comments…

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