How does the Oscar voting work and who is in the Academy?

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How does the Oscar voting work and who is in the Academy?



That’s not the Academy, just their elected representatives (Picture: DEAN TREML/AFP/Getty Images)With the Oscars coming up tomorrow, everyone will be wondering who takes the top gongs for the year.
The Favourite and Roma are both nominated for 10 awards each, and movies like The Wife and A Star is Born are also in the running.
One thing you may be wondering ahead of the ceremony is how the one true victor is choosing. After all, aren’t films subjective?
That’s why the Academy are there, to ensure that it isn’t just one person’s opinion that matters. The Academy Awards are actually named after the group; The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences.

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Who is in the Academy?
The Academy is made up of industry professionals, but the exact people included are kept completely secret to avoid bribery or corruption.
We do know, however, that over half of them are active filmmakers.
The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences was made up of 5,783 members as of 2012. However, after the #OscarsSoWhite campaign that began a few back, theyinvited over 1,500 new members.
The plan with these new invites was to bring in people from different backgrounds and races, which seems to be making a small difference given the better representation of people of colour and women in the last few years.
How does the voting process work?
Members vote only in their direct category (so directors will vote for directors, etc). However, everyone in the Academy has a say in who wins Best Picture.
There are a few caveats to this. In categories which have a specialism – such as Foreign Language Film and Animated Feature Film -there are additional rules and regulations that voters must comply with.
Filmmakers can vote by post or online, the majority using the latter method for its ease.
Once the votes are cast, auditing firm PWC uses a weighting system to decide on the five nominees from each category.
There is no set number of votes a film or person needs to make it into the nomination – it all depends on the algorithm.
More: Oscars

After that, the Academy members vote again on the five nominees, and the one with the most votes takes the award.
Once this has taken place, only two partners at PWC will know the final result.
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