FARC peace deal with Colombian government crushed by voters

October 3, 2016 4:00 am

A woman cries after knowing the results of a referendum on whether to ratify a historic peace accord to end a 52-year war between the state and the rebels, in Cali, , on October 2, 2016. (Photos by AFP)

Voters in Colombia have blasted all hopes for a peace deal between the government and the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) rebel group.
In contradictory results to opinion polls, Colombians on Sunday voted 50.21 percent to 49.78 percent, with over 99.9 percent of the votes counted, against the peace deal, which was aimed at halting 52 years of bloody conflict with the FARC.
Supporters of deal had expected it to end to what has been described the Western hemisphere’s last major conflict.
The results point to the defeat of the deal, which was officially signed by Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos and rebel leader Timoleon Jimenez, known as Timochenko, on September 26.  
Santos acknowledged that voters had discarded his peace accord with the rebels but promised to keep up efforts to end the conflict.
“The majority has said ‘No,'” he said during a televised speech. “I will not give in and I will continue to seek peace to the last day of my mandate.
After the vote’s results were announced, Timochenko said that the group maintained its desire for peace despite the referendum’s outcome.
“The FARC reiterates its disposition to use only words as a weapon to build toward the future,” he said. “To the Colombian people who dream of peace, count on us, peace will triumph,” he added.
Earlier, Colombian government officials announced that there is no plan B if the accord is rejected, stressing that it must be ratified by the nation to be enforced.       
Before the referendum, Santos had called for his nation to vote for the deal as “peace is the way for our children and grandchildren to have a better country. We Colombians must all play a role in this historic change.”

Electoral officials count votes at a polling station after a referendum on whether to ratify a historic peace accord to end Colombia’s 52-year war between the state and the FARC rebels, in Cali, Colombia, on October 2, 2016. 

According to the deal, the Colombian government was obligated to engage in an aggressive land reform, to overhaul its anti-narcotics policies, and to expend them into underdeveloped regions in the country. In turn, FARC will start to withdraw its troops from their jungle and mountain hideouts and relocate them into UN disarmament camps.
FARC is the largest rebel group in Colombia and has an estimated 7,000 fighters. It has been at war with the government in Bogota since the guerrilla movement rose to prominence in 1964. So far, more than 220,000 people have been killed in clashes between the two sides and 6.6 million others have been displaced. Moreover, a further 45,000 people are said to be missing.
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