Regulators proposed a record $1.5-million fine Monday against a
Northern California irrigation district after it allegedly diverted more
than 670 million gallons of water illegally — a rare enforcement action
that escalates the legal battle between Gov. Jerry Brown and the
state’s oldest water rights holders.
In issuing its draft
complaint against the Byron-Bethany Irrigation District, the State Water
Resources Control Board signaled a new willingness to confront the
state’s senior agricultural water suppliers, many of whom insist that
their water rights from 1914 and before are beyond government reach.
At a news briefing Monday, officials said it was “highly likely”
complaints against other districts would be issued in the coming weeks.
doing all the investigations we can and we’ll bring about all the
enforcement actions we can,” said Andrew Tauriainen, a prosecutor with
the board’s Division of Water Rights.
Under California’s arcane
system of water allocation, priority goes to those entities whose rights
are the oldest, and special deference is given to those now more than a
“The law dates back to a Wild West society, where
the philosophy was, take it, it’s yours,” said Michael Hanemann, a
professor of agricultural and resource economics at UC Berkeley. “There
was a desire to keep the state government out of water allocation for as
long as possible.”
In the face of a severe drought emergency, however, state officials
have become more aggressive in enforcing the priority system.
is a serious fine that will capture the attention of agricultural water
users in the entire state of California,” said Mark Gold, associate
vice chancellor of environment and sustainability at UCLA. “The response
from the agricultural community is going to be almost as important as
the enforcement action.”
In its complaint, the water board accused
the Byron-based BBID of diverting water from a California Aqueduct
intake channel for nearly two weeks last month, even after the water
board issued a June 12 curtailment notice to senior water rights holders
whose claims dated back to 1903.
“BBID has made unauthorized diversion of water from the intake
channel to the Banks Pumping Plant (formerly Italian Slough) during the
most extreme drought in decades, when there was insufficient water
supply available for BBID’s claimed water right,” regulators wrote.
irrigation district supplies water to about 160 growers, as well as
15,000 residents in the master-planned community of Mountain House. It
serves an area of roughly 45 square miles in Alameda, Contra Costa and
San Joaquin counties and has a “priority date” of May 1914 — making it
among the most junior of the state’s senior water rights holders.
The district released a statement Monday that accused the water board
of retaliating against it for joining a handful of other water
suppliers in suing the board when it issued the curtailment order.
State Board is choosing to make an arbitrary example out of BBID at the
expense of our customers and the communities their hard work supports,”
said Russell Kagehiro, president of the irrigation district’s board.
“BBID will vigorously defend its rights to water and due process.”
a previous statement, irrigation district officials called the
curtailment order “nothing short of catastrophic.” BBID officials said
it would “strangle family farms, kill vital crops, compromise thousands
of livestock, raise consumer prices, destroy thousands of jobs, and
ultimately eliminate the ability to farm the land.”
The district stopped diverting water from the intake channel June 26,
according to the water board’s complaint, but gained an “economic
advantage over other legitimate water diverters” during the time it did
take the water.
The irrigation district can request a hearing
before the state water board. If the district does not request one
within 20 days, the board would adopt the order, officials said.
board can fine water rights holders up to $1,000 a day and $2,500 per
acre-foot of diverted water for violating curtailment orders. Tauriainen
said the maximum penalty for Byron-Bethany’s alleged transgressions
could have totaled about $5 million, though the recommended fine is only
do expect the board to take a very, very close look” at the case,
Tauriainen said. “I wouldn’t be surprised if the board came up with a
much higher penalty than is proposed here.”
Last year, a
California appeals court strengthened the board’s position when it
upheld its authority to determine whether senior water rights holders
are using their water in reasonable — and therefore legal — ways, said
Barton H. “Buzz” Thompson, a professor of water law at Stanford
Therefore, the water board “clearly has some” authority over senior water rights holders, Thompson said.
But the question is: How much?
“The state has a strong argument,” Thompson said. “But we are in new territory now.”