Gen. Ibrahim Babangida Supports Jonathan because He Believes in Nigeria’s Unity

February 1, 2015 6:27 pm

Former military president, General Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida, in this
interview, clarifies his position on his statement suggesting that he is
in support of the re-election bid of . Aired
last Wednesday on Channels TV, the interview was an episode in the
current affairs programme, STWK (Straight Talk With Kadaria), anchored
by Kadaria Ahmed.

Babangida also speaks on the murder of Dele Giwa in 1986, the Interim
National Government, ING, Sani Abacha’s coup and the loss of his long
time companion and wife, Maryam. Excerpts:

  • Do you support President Jonathan’s attempt at re-election?

Firstly, I appreciate the fact that he came to visit me and, during our
discussion, I found him to be a man who believes in the unity of this
country and I did allude to that and I said I found him to be someone
who has a very strong belief about the unity of this country.

Those of us who fought the civil war – I still carry a bullet so I have a permanent reminder in me –
anything that relates to ’s unity, we get impassioned about it.So what I said is that the President believes in the unity of this
country and any other person who believes in the unity of this country
should support the President to keep this country one.

  • So, as far as the 2015 elections are concerned, President Jonathan has your blessing

Well, as far as 2015 is concerned, all the presidential candidates – 14 of them – have my blessings.
The only difference is (and I did mention it) that I have not been able
to read what they have offered to this country and I am going to do that
and whoever offers what I’m looking for, I am going to vote for.

  • What exactly did you mean when you said that if what you read in
    the papers these days is anything to go by, then your administration was

I am an avid reader of Nigerian newspapers, so when I read a statement
like $16billion spent trying to provide power for this country or
somebody kept under his bed N300m, if what I’m reading is true, then we
were angels.

  • Not because you did any spending or because your level of spending was less or because you didn’t touch public money?

We did have a regulation.
You can’t, for example, keep more than ‘X’ amount of money in your vault
or in your safe.  We followed strictly the financial regulations and
now it boggles my mind how somebody could put N300m under his bed.
I once removed a governor for N300,000, because he overspent what we had given him as limit on security.

  • But that didn’t mean that your government was squeaky clean
    because there was the Okigbo report about the over $12b oil windfall
    that was allegedly squandered by your administration

First of all, may his soul rest in peace (Sani Abacha).  The report was
from 1986 to 1994, a period of eight years.  By the time the late Pius
Okigbo submitted his report, he said between 1986 to 1994, $12.4b
accrued to the Federal Government.  Nobody could deny that.  Out of that
amount, he said $1.4 or thereabouts came in during the Gulf War.

But, if you had done your home work well, you would know that the war
lasted three months and there was no way you could make $1.4b in three
months at the rate of $12 or $10 per barrel, producing about 800,00 per

The government did not indict anybody, neither did the report indict
anybody.  He was an acknowledged economist and what he said is that ‘X’
amount of money would have accrued into the reserves. The government had
an option to either go and put the money in the bank and say it was
saving it or you meet some of the demands of the situation at that time.

  • Considering that you ruled Nigeria for some eight years, do you take any responsibility for the state of Nigeria today?

Well, you take responsibility for anything either good or bad – that is
what leadership is all about and I think so far, as far as I am
concerned, I take full responsibility for what we did.

  • Would the June 12 issue be something that when you look back you regret?

History will one day come and apportion blames to various actors in the
whole saga. There are a lot of people today in this country who
supported what we did at that time.

  • What was the rationale behind the annulment?

We discussed the security situation and we were worried about putting up a government that would not last.

  • What were the conditions that raised those concerns?

There was this security problem that was dicey and the only people who
could tell you what could happen were those of us in government, we the
practitioners of violence by our profession.  We knew there was a high
level of frustration in the society which could provide a very fertile
ground for a coup d’etat.

  • But in the end that was what happened because …

(Cuts in) In the end we were right because we speculated rightly.

  • Was it a plan?

No, it couldn’t have been a plan. Don’t forget that there was a
speculation by prominent people in the country who were saying at that
time that the worst civilian government was better than this contraption
(Interim National Government, ING).

  • The reason for that question was based on what you said about the
    coup issue because when you left, you did not retire General Abacha, a
    man who had been a central player in many successful coups and you left
    him in charge of the army more or less. That is why I asked if it was a
    plan for him to take over?

When we established the ING, we wanted to give it teeth; so whoever was in power would believe that it had backing.

  • So it never occurred to you that he (Abacha) wanted the number one job for himself?

It never crossed my mind quite honestly.

  • So when he executed this coup, what did you think?

It didn’t come to me as a surprise because all of you in this country at
that time gave him the wherewithal to do it.  I’ve always said a coup
will always succeed if there is frustration in the society and that
frustration was seen and orchestrated at that time, if you remember,
coming from very prominent people, that this contraption was not better
than the worst civilian government,  and some of us knew at that time
that if a coup happened, Nigerians would jump into the streets to
welcome it.

  • So, why didn’t you retire Abacha knowing that there was a fertile ground and you had a coup maker…

(Cuts in)  If there had been pressure on the ING for an election in six
months’ time, Abacha would not have found it easy to stage a coup.

  • Given the fact that Nigerians wanted a government they elected
    and not the contraption you put together, why did you find it difficult
    to understand why Nigerians would not line up behind it?

I tell you what happened before that contraption came about.

  • Now you are calling it contraption by the way?

(Laughter). No I like the word.  I’m very fond of that word. At that
time in the whole of this country, you can go and check it, there wasn’t
a single voice that said ‘let’s take a chance with the ING, let’s give
it a chance if it would work’. But it didn’t have legitimacy because
they were not soldiers and they were not elected civilians
I governed for eight years, using decree.  That contraption was given a
constitution and that constitution was supported by a law.  It was
legitimately done as is done all over the world.

  • You were away when the Abacha coup happened.  But when you came back, did he get in touch?

We did discuss and he took his time to explain to me what happened.

  • Did you give him any advice on how to run government or how soon he should hand over to civilians?

Those were things which he knew very well because he had been part and
parcel of the administration for eight years; he knew the political
actors in the country and he went ahead to call them, explaining to them
what had happened, trying to legitimize what he had done and, believe
it, there were a lot of politicians who supported him because he talked
to them.

  • Are you surprised at how his government became one that was very
    repressive and he became known, perhaps, as one of the worst dictators
    Nigeria had ever known?

Yes and no.  Yes because people would see him as a military person and
secondly he was a man of limited words, you could not predict him.

No, because he had worked with us, worked with other people, had a good
knowledge of how the system worked, how to keep security in the country.
 These were things that he knew and you could not deny him those

  • In 1986, you decided that Nigeria’s status as an observer at the
    Organisation of Islamic Conference, OIC, should change to become a full
    member knowing that Nigeria has an almost equal population of Christians
    and Muslims.

Nigeria went into the OIC as an observer in 1973 under General Yakubu
Gowon and I went in as a full member in 1986.  That was a simple foreign
policy decision that we took.  It was a tool to enhance our foreign

  • But the view of the ordinary Nigerian is that to be in OIC meant
    you were an Islamic country.  And Nigeria is not an Islamic country. So
    why take us in there?

That has been proved wrong.  Again, this is the beautiful thing about
this country because people speculate a lot.  As at the time we went in
there, there were countries that were there which were not Islamic
countries.  I was quite surprised by the outrage that followed that
decision because people translated it to mean that our government wanted
to make Nigeria an Islamic country which is stupid.  We had a
Constitution which stated clearly at that time that no religion must be
made superior to another.

  • In the years since then, as far as you know, what has been the specific benefit that we’ve got?

I think it helped us to push our foreign policy on issues that were of
common concern because immediately after that I recognized Israel,
knowing the feelings of the Islamic countries about Israel. I went ahead
single-handedly to recognize Israel when everybody in the OAU went
against it; we stuck to our gun; so if you accuse me of joining OIC, you
must also accuse me of normalizing relations with Israel.

  • We are in a situation in the country today where we have
    insurgents with a warped version of Islam which they claim they want to
    foist on the nation in some states.  Do you think these sorts of
    decisions are the sort of things that plant seeds on the minds of some
    people claiming to want to promote one religion above another?

I’m glad you used the word ‘warped’.  What is happening now is something
that Nigerians should rise and fight against; Muslims should rise and
fight against it because some people are spoiling the name of Islam, and
this is not what Islam stands for.

  • Given the fact that we are a nation of different ethnicities,
    wouldn’t it have been better to pursue policies that would not divide us
    along religious lines – and this is even outside the Boko Haram

I grew up here in Minna and there is where we call a mixed court where
you find a Christian, a Muslim and an unbeliever, yet three of them will
sit together to preside over cases which touch on traditions of the
different groups and this we have been doing damn well.  Everyone has a
religion and you keep to it; even Islam frowns at imposition of the
religion on others.

  • The question I’m driving at is that if, perhaps, we don’t pursue
    public policies that further strengthen the division that already
    exists, could we perhaps have had a better chance of making it as a
    nation and not one divided along ethnic and religious lines

My answer to that is yes.

  • So any regrets about taking Nigeria into the OIC?


  • You don’t see that as a policy capable of further dividing us as a
    nation even though, by your own admission, Christians complained?

By your reaction, as a generation, it would be better not to toe those
lines because they are very sensitive.   It has been done before and the
consequences were not so good for the country.
We had a civil war.  Nobody would like to have a war again. The good
thing is that from 1970 till today, I have never come across people who
believe in the division of this country.

  • So, in your view, no regrets because we are learning from your mistakes?

The answer is yes!

  • What should we do about Boko Haram?

The first thing is that people must believe that this affects Nigeria
generally and not just a part or just a religion.   Like the civil war,
the whole country was mobilized against secession and there was unity
against he secession and I think we must accept that this problem is a
Nigerian problem and everybody should come together to fight this

  • In practical terms, how do we begin to build unity so that Nigerians can see the problem as a Nigerian problem?

First of all, the leadership at all levels must be mobilized against
Boko Haram. At the political level, people should watch what they say
and the religious leaders also have a role to play just as the
businessmen must be involved.  Once Nigerians see that everyone is
mobilized against the insurgency, no one would want to step out of line.
 Nigerians have to be mobilized and that would make it easier to win
the war.

  • From a military point of view, are you surprised at the performance of our military against Boko Haram?

What you should be asking is that is this the same military of Nigeria
that has been exceptional all over the world – in the Congo, Tanzania,
UN operations, ECOWAS operations?

  • The question really is that by all accounts, the army you served
    in was a formidable army; so what did you people do that time that
    appears different from what is going on now?

When I was 22 as a 2nd Lieutenant, I had been told that I had no other
country to die for except Nigeria, but now you’ve got 18 year olds or
19year olds or graduates asking ‘what is this Nigerianness they are
talking about?’.  They wouldn’t give a damn and, therefore, you have to
do a re-orientation to bring this patriotism back.

  • Could it not be that some of us can say Nigeria had been good to
    us, so we had no option than to be committed. But you have the young
    ones today, say, of 30, who would be asking, ‘what the hell’ because
    they have had to fend for themselves one way or the other?  They don’t
    see what the country has done for them.  Shouldn’t government start by
    providing for the people and making them responsive to the needs of

Government would have to take responsibility, I agree.

  • You’ve repeatedly denied having any knowledge of the murder of
    journalist Dele Giwa, but because you were the military head of state at
    that time and because your former press secretary, Debo Bashorun,
    alleged that you knew about it, many Nigerians are a bit skeptical about
    what you have said. Do you understand why they have been skeptical?

It is because they think I was the head of government at that time and I
knew that anything that goes wrong they will like to blame it on
somebody and the fact that everybody in the media said I knew about it
never came to me as a surprise at all.

  • What about the role played by Major Bashorun, did that come as a surprise to you?

I stumbled on the information in one of the papers that he wrote a book.
 But I have always maintained one thing:  I know the young man very
well but I don’t join issues with people to whom I am senior.

  • Was he upset with you and, therefore, would want to make you look bad?

That is his business, not mine.

  • At the time of Giwa’s death, did you order any investigations at all into the circumstances of the killing?

It could have been prejudicial because you guys in the media went to
court and I couldn’t have ordered anything because the matter was
already in the court. There were very good lawyers and activists
pursuing that case; so we allowed the courts to try the case.

  • Aren’t you curious as to who killed Dele Giwa?

He was fortunate because he belonged to the journalism profession and
the media kept the issue alive up till today. The issue of Dele Giwa,
Alfred Rewane and Bola Ige would remain and people will like to pin it
on somebody.

  • Is there any chance that some rogue elements in your government,
    without your knowledge, could have decided to teach Dele Giwa a lesson
    because he was critical of your administration?

I have maintained that I dominate my environment and my environment
relates to the people I work with, people who work with me, people I
relate to. I am fairly well-informed about things before they happen or
immediately after they happen.

  • Do you have any regrets at all about your time in office?

I had a good time in office and would continue to be grateful to
Nigerians for supporting me during that period and, if there is one
thing I would have loved to do differently (not regretting), it would
have been to make it constitutional that Nigeria should have a two-party

  • Why?

Because I believed then and I still believe now that it is the surest
way of promoting the peace and stability of Nigeria and it worked. So,
let’s institutionalise it.  It’s just like the Land Use Act, it is in
the Constitution.  Some people may not like some aspects of it but it is
there; so you have to work round it.

  • As a young soldier, did you ever envisage that your life would take the path it has taken?

As a young officer, my intention was maybe not the commander of a unit,
so I was looking at the rank of a major or a Lt-Colonel, comparing the
size of the Nigerian Army at that time.

  • But fate dealt you a different hand, how do you feel about that?

I feel gratified and I feel nice that while I planned, God had His own wish on His subjects.

  • You lost your long time companion and wife, Maryam, in December 2009. What has life been like without her?

She was a real companion who got to understand and accept me for what I
am and tried to make the best of me and that is what I am missing.  She
was the one who would look at me and say ‘you’re wrong’ and I had to
accept and bury my pride and I will say ‘sorry, you’re right’.  That is
the sort of counseling I am missing now.

  • How much time do you spend with the children and grand children to try and fill the vacuum that she’s left?

The children are doing very well and they have become a sort of friends
to me. We sit down and talk and sometimes we disagree.  My greatest
source of pleasure now is seeing my grand children coming to me to say
good night or when they return from school and they come to greet me.
 It reminded me of my time when I was growing up.

  • Many had thought that by now you would have re-married?

I will tell you an interesting story.  There was a woman I was joking
with and I said, ‘Okay, why   don’t you marry me?’ and she said, ‘No I
won’t’.  And I asked her why? She said, ‘I am not sure I can spoil you
the way your wife used to spoil you; so don’t put any idea into my

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