Turkey coup on President Recep Tayyip Erdogan – 161 dead after failed revolution

July 17, 2016 12:30 am

A failed coup in has killed at least 161 people and injured
more than 1440, as authorities conduct widespread arrests among the
military.
Aerial bombings, military block-ades and clashes between mobs and armed forces were reported across Turkey overnight.
A helicopter used by soldiers backing the coup was shot down by a military jet over Ankara, broadcaster NTV reported.
Order
was restored early on Saturday, local time, Prime Minister Binali
Yildirim said. He called a parliament session for late yesterday.
footage showed extensive damage to the parliament building.
President
said the plotters would “pay a very high price for
this betrayal”, in a televised address in which he vowed to purge the
military. “Turkey will not be ruled by the military,” he said.
More than 1500 members of the armed forces were arrested. Brigadier General Nejat Atilla Demirhan was the highest-rank detainee.

Five generals and 29 colonels were dismissed, NTV reported. A
general who was part of the coup plot was reportedly killed during the
night, Yildirim said.
The Government has appointed an acting head of the military.
News
footage showed soldiers surrendering from the tanks they had used to
blockade the bridges between the Asian and European sides of Istanbul.
It
was not clear who was behind the failed coup. Several military
commanders and all four major political parties rejected the putsch,
blaming a small group within the military.
Soldiers reportedly took over Ataturk airport in
Istanbul and stopped flights for several hours, but operations were back
to normal early Saturday, Erdogan said.
The White House said
“all parties in Turkey should support the democratically elected
government of Turkey, show restraint, and avoid any violence or
bloodshed”. The EU said it fully supports the government of Turkey.

Turkey’s President Recep Tayyip Erdogan. Photo / AP

World reactions

World leaders
expressed support for Turkey and its democratic institutions on Saturday
after the government quashed an attempted military coup.
BRITAIN
British
Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson said he had spoken to his Turkish
counterpart, Mevlut Cavusoglu, to underline support for Turkey’s
“democratic elected government and institutions” in the wake of the
overnight coup attempt.
The Foreign Office is advising Britons in
Turkey to stay indoors, avoid public places, especially demonstrations,
and remain vigilant.
British Airways says it is canceling all
flights to and from Turkey Saturday, but budget airline easyJet says it
plans to runs its scheduled flights, largely to Turkish resort towns.
The airline says the schedule “will be kept under continuous review.”
NATO
NATO’s chief says all alliance personnel and military units in Turkey are “safe and secure” following the attempted coup.
NATO
Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg said in a Twitter post that he had
spoken to NATO’s supreme commander, US Army Gen. Curtis M. Scapparrotti,
who “confirms that all NATO personnel and units in Turkey are safe and
secure.”
The alliance chief also tweeted that he welcomed “the
strong support shown by the people and all political parties to
democracy and to the democratically elected gov of Turkey.”
SPAIN
Spain’s
acting Foreign Minister Jose Manuel Garcia Margallo condemned the
attempted coup, telling Spanish national television that his government
completely supports the Turkish government headed by President Recep
Tayyip Erdogan.
He says “without a doubt we support respecting
the constitution and democratically elected institutions, and we condemn
all coups without reservation.”
Garcia Margallo spoke by telephone from Mongolia, where he is attending the ASEM Asia-Europe Meeting.

Turkish soldiers secure the area as
supporters of Turkey’s President Recep Tayyip Erdogan protest in
Istanbul’s Taksim square. Photo / AP
JAPAN
Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe said “democratic institutions should be respected in Turkey.”
“We
strongly hope that the situation will return to normal and that order
and peace will be restored as soon as possible,” he said in a statement.
SYRIAN OPPOSITION
The exiled Syrian opposition congratulated the Turkish people for halting the attempted military coup.
The
Turkey-based Syrian National Coalition said Turkey has protected its
democratic institutions “in the face of dark and desperate attempts that
sought to take control of the popular will.”
It says the Turkish
people value democracy and “will not let a group of putschists take it
away in a desperate attempt to restore military rule.”
Turkey has
been one of the main backers of the uprising against Syrian President
Bashar Assad, and is hosting some 2.7 million Syrian refugees.
In
the early hours of the attempted coup, celebratory gunfire broke out
across Damascus. The government and its supporters view the rebels as
terrorists and consider Turkey to be one of their chief sponsors.
HAMAS
The
Islamic militant group Hamas has congratulated Turkish President Recep
Tayyip Erdogan for quashing a “vicious” plot to overthrow him.
The
Turkish leader has been a staunch supporter of Hamas and a fierce
critic of Israel. Hamas says it remembers Turkey’s “wise leadership in
supporting the Palestinian people and their cause” and working to lift
the blockade on Gaza, the coastal territory ruled by the group.
Hamas
supporters took to the streets in several places across the Gaza Strip
to celebrate the failure of the coup, raising Turkish flags and posters
bearing Erdogan’s image.
Turkey recently restored ties with
Israel after a six-year lull following a deadly Israeli naval raid to
stop an activist flotilla aiming to breach the Gaza blockade.
QATAR
The Gulf nation of Qatar, which has close ties to Erdogan’s government, was quick to condemn the military coup attempt.
It
called the attempted coup a “violation of the constitutional
legitimacy” in Turkey and said it supports all legal measures the
government takes to maintain security and stability.
The official
Qatar News Agency said the ruling emir, Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al
Thani, has spoken with Erdogan by phone to express Qatar’s support.
Qatar
and Turkey have grown increasingly close in recent years, and share
similar stances on their support for Syrian rebel groups and the Muslim
Brotherhood. The two countries agreed last year to establish a Turkish
military base in Qatar.

A man covered with blood stands near the
Bosphorus bridge as Turkish military clash with people at the entrance
to the bridge in Istanbul. Photo / AP
IRAN
Iran said the attempted military coup in Turkey was “doomed to fail.”
Foreign
Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif was quoted by the official IRNA news
agency as praising the “brave defence by the people of Turkey of their
democracy and elected government.”
He said the events in neighboring Turkey prove “that coup d’etat has no place and is doomed to fail in our region.”
PAKISTAN
An
aide to Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif condemned the attempted coup in a
statement and said Pakistan “hopes that peace and normalcy will be
restored in Turkey.”
Tariq Fatimi also said he had contacted
Turkey’s foreign minister to express solidarity with Turkey’s government
and democratic institutions.
Pakistan’s main political parties have also praised the people of Turkey for foiling the coup.
Sharif was himself overthrown in a 1999 coup led by Gen. Pervez Musharraf, who ruled Pakistan until 2008.
AFGHANISTAN
Afghan
President Ashraf Ghani expressed support for Turkey’s elected
government, saying in a statement that “democratic elections are the
most effective means for peaceful transfer of power.”
“Militaristic
options will only undermine democratic institutions, stability and
development in the country,” the statement from Ghani’s office said.
SUDAN
Sudanese President Omar Bashir condemned the attempted coup in Turkey and expressed support for the government.
Bashir,
who himself came to power in a 1989 military coup, said in a statement
that the “Sudanese people and government stand alongside President Recep
Tayyip Erdogan, his government and the people of Turkey.”
Sudan’s
Foreign Ministry congratulated “Turkey, its president, government and
people for the decisive victory of the national will.”
HUNGARY
Foreign Minister Peter Szijjarto said Hungary condemns the attempted coup “in the firmest way.”
“Based
on the number of deaths and the way it was carried out, this attempted
coup can be also called an act of terror,” he said.
He added that
Hungary is “in solidarity with the Turkish government chosen in
democratic elections and with the Turkish president.”
AZERBAIJAN
The president of Turkey’s neighbor Azerbaijan condemned the attempted coup.
President
Ilham Aliev was concerned about developments in Turkey and “welcomed
measures taken to prevent the attempt at a coup and to stabilize the
situation,” spokesman Ali Hasanov said.
Azerbaijan is a Turkic
nation and its late president Geidar Aliev once described their
relations as “one nation, two states” — a phrase later echoed by
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan.
TURKMENISTAN
Turkmenistan says the coup attempt has caused “serious anxiety.”
The
Foreign Ministry said President Gurbanguly Berdymukhamedov “expressed
support for the Turkish people and government and also firm confidence
in stabilizing the situation in Turkey.”
Turkmenistan is ethnically Turkic but does not share a border with Turkey.

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