The Lincoln Memorial is a white marble building.

November 29, 2012 6:38 pm

Lincoln Memorial
In 1911, the U.S. government decided to build a memorial in Washington, D.C., in honor of President Abraham Lincoln. Lincoln is known as Honest Abe and the man who freed the slaves during the Civil War (1861-1865). He’s also the first president to have been killed by an assassin’s bullet.
The Lincoln Memorial was dedicated in 1922 on Memorial Day, May 30. Lincoln’s only living child, his son Robert, was a guest of honor.
The Lincoln Memorial stands in a park along the banks of the Potomac River. Hundreds of thousands of people visit this memorial each year.
WHAT DOES THE LINCOLN MEMORIAL LOOK LIKE?
The Lincoln Memorial is a white marble building. Architect Henry Bacon designed the building in 1912. He designed it to look like a temple from ancient Greece. Like a Greek temple, it has columns all around it.
Each of the 36 columns that surround the Lincoln Memorial represents a state. There were 36 states in the Union—the United States of America—when Lincoln died in April 1865. Lincoln fought the Civil War to hold the Union together. The names of the 36 states are written above the columns.
There are 48 garlands carved on the uppermost walls of the memorial. Below these garlands are the names of the 48 states that made up the United States when the Lincoln Memorial was completed in 1922.
WHAT’S INSIDE THE MEMORIAL?
The Lincoln Memorial has three rooms. A wide doorway leads to the main room. Facing the doorway is a huge marble statue of Abraham Lincoln. He’s sitting down, but the statue is 19 feet (5.8 meters) tall. American sculptor Daniel Chester French designed the statue.
Words are carved on the wall behind the statue. They say, “In this temple, as in the hearts of the people for whom he saved the Union, the memory of Abraham Lincoln is enshrined forever.”
The side rooms hold stone tablets that carry two of Lincoln’s most famous speeches. Murals are painted above the speeches. Like the speeches, they recall Lincoln’s accomplishments: the emancipation(freeing) of American slaves and holding the Union together.
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